Motorists have been warned to take extra care as treacherous driving conditions are expected to hit the UK in the morning – dubbed “Black Ice Monday”.
It follows heavy snow that brought major travel disruption over the weekend as severe weather left thousands of homes across the UK without power.
The AA said that it dealt with more than 14,000 breakdowns, with its call centres dealing with a 40% increase in call outs to rescue cars stuck in snow and ice.
The RAC said it expects to attend 11,000 breakdowns on “Black Ice Monday” after being called to 8,000 incidents on Sunday.
Flights, rail services and roads were badly affected after a thick blanket of snow covered large parts of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
Up to 30cm of snow was recorded in Sennybridge in Wales, as winds of more than 80mph battered the south coast of England.
The Met Office issued an amber alert – its second highest warning – for snow across parts of Wales, the Midlands and northern and eastern England on Sunday.
Forecasters have put out further warnings of snow and ice for the start of the working week, with temperatures expected to fall as low as minus 15C overnight in parts of Wales.
There are also yellow warnings (third highest) for ice in the East Midlands, East Anglia, south west England and south east England on Monday, with forecasters predicting possible snow in parts of Kent, Sussex, Surrey and Hampshire.
A further yellow warning for snow and ice has been issued for northern Scotland and Northern Ireland, with up to 10cm of snow forecast in some higher areas.
Some 24,000 homes were without power across Oxfordshire, Wiltshire and Berkshire, electricity supplier SSE said, after snow and wind caused damage to its overhead network.
The Port of Calais was closed after a P&O ferry carrying 300 people ran aground as it attempted to depart for Dover in a storm.
Flights were temporarily suspended at Birmingham and Luton airports, while delays and cancellations were also reported at Stansted, Cardiff and East Midlands.
Thousands of pupils will get the day off on Monday after Birmingham Council said all of its schools will be closed due to the bad weather.
Heavy snowfall forced the closure of the M1 motorway near Leicestershire and the A5 in Shropshire. Motorists were also left stranded on the M4, the A34 in Oxfordshire and the A5 in Milton Keynes.
Heart of England NHS Trust, which represents hospitals in Birmingham and Solihull, was forced to put an appeal out for 4×4 drivers to help stranded nurses get to hospitals.
Rail services across England and Wales were disrupted, including CrossCountry trains which were cancelled between Birmingham and Bristol after a landslide caused by the bad weather.